Anxiety - Signs, Causes, Symptoms, How To Treat

Anxiety is an anxiety disorder characterized by somatic, vegetative and cognitive symptoms in response to a lack of security or an inability to cope with a problem.


Anxiety can be experienced by anyone regardless of age, gender, social or economic background. But according to the American Psychiatric Association, women are more prone to anxiety than men because there are differences in the brain and hormones of the two.

In some people, anxiety or anxiety disorders can manifest as depression leading to alcohol and drug abuse. At this stage, serious attention and treatment is needed, because it is not impossible that it will lead to a suicide attempt (tentament suicide).

Based on data from several studies, there are about 20% of the world's population who suffer from anxiety. Where most of them are dominated by adults and the elderly .

Anxiety Disease Overview:

Organs involved Brain
Reason The main cause in unknown
Transmission No Contagious
Symptom Symptoms generally
include panic, restlessness,
Difficulty sleeping and

Signs and symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of anxiety?

Symptoms of anxiety are often different for each individual, depending on the type of anxiety they experience. Here are some types of anxiety and their common symptoms:


Excessive fear of certain objects, situations or activities.

Panic disorder (panic disorder). 

A condition characterized by the emergence of fear / feelings of terror that are repeated and unexpected.

Social anxiety disorder (social anxiety disorder).

Fear of social situations and interactions with other people that leads to negative thoughts, shame and low self-esteem.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (obsessive-compulsive disorder). 

A condition characterized by the act of repeating the same thing as a manifestation of dissatisfaction or fear of making mistakes.

Separation anxiety disorder (separation anxiety disorder). 

Fear of being away from home or loved ones.


Excessive anxiety or fear that makes the sufferer feel that he is suffering from a serious illness even though the results of the examination show negative results.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (post-traumatic stress disorder). 

Anxiety disorders triggered by tragic events in the past.

Common symptoms of some of these types of anxiety include:

  1. Somatic symptoms in the form of palpitations , nausea, dizziness, physical pain in certain body parts such as chest pain, muscle pain and so on.
  2. Vegetative symptoms in the form of sleep disturbances , eating patterns and sexual activity.
  3. Cognitive symptoms in the form of difficulty concentrating, can not be calm and easy to forget .

When should you see a doctor?

Immediately consult a doctor if you experience some of the symptoms of anxiety as above.

Causes and Risk Factors

What causes anxiety?

Until now, experts have not been able to know exactly what causes anxiety. However, like many other mental health conditions , anxiety can be triggered by a variety of factors including genetic and environmental factors, impairing the functioning of the brain circuits that regulate fear and other emotions.

Who is more at risk of developing anxiety?

Several studies have revealed that women have twice the risk of experiencing anxiety than men, especially those under 35 years of age. In addition, someone who has a closed personality, has a past trauma and a family history of anxiety is also a high potential for experiencing anxiety.

Anxiety can also arise as an effect of a disease, for example in cancer patients who are often overwhelmed by excessive fear of the disease they are suffering from, including treatment problems and financial conditions.

Examination and Diagnosis

How to confirm the diagnosis of anxiety?

Diagnosis of early stage anxiety is done through anamesis or medical interview which includes various symptoms and patient's medical history. After that, it will be followed by a physical examination to ensure whether there is a medical illness suffered by the patient as a trigger for anxiety.

There are no laboratory tests that can specifically diagnose anxiety. Therefore, if the doctor does not find a medical reason behind the occurrence of anxiety, the doctor will refer the patient to a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health worker.

Medicine and Treatment

How to treat anxiety at home?

Anxiety treatment at home can be done using essential oils that have been extracted from various plants that have a calming effect such as lavender oil, jasmine oil, peppermint oil and several other essential oils.

What are the treatments and medications for anxiety in health services?

Anxiety management is generally done with the administration of SSRI antidepressant drugs . If necessary, the patient with anxiety can be given a benzodiazepine sedative such as alprazolam , diazepam, clobazam or lorazepam .

If within 6-8 weeks there is no progress, the antidepressant dose can be added or replaced with another class of antidepressant.

In patients who suffer from severe anxiety, it is advisable to use additional treatment beyond the consumption of antidepressant drugs, namely through psychotherapy techniques or directed counseling.

Psychotherapy itself consists of various types such as cognitive behavioral therapy, psychoanalytic therapy, analytical cognitive therapy and several other types of therapy. A psychotherapist will adjust which therapy will be applied by looking at the needs of each


What are the possible dangers of anxiety complications?

Some of the complications of anxiety that may arise include:

  • Depression
  • Somatoform.
  • Hibephrenic Schizophrenia.
  • Simple Schizophrenia.


How to prevent anxiety?

Anxiety can be prevented or controlled in the following ways:

  1. Limit your intake of foods and drinks that are high in caffeine.
  2. Get enough sleep at least 8 hours a day.
  3. Exercise regularly at least 2 times a week.
  4. Increase consumption of vegetables and fruits.
  5. Change your personality to be more open.
Related Posts
Rum (Sambel)
Rum (Sambel) ialah sebuah blog yang dibesarkan seperti anak sendiri layaknya Malika kedelai hitam pilihan.

Related Posts